Ever wonder what sort of “new” rose is done? The Rosa Family has many sub-species. Over time, rose breeders have worked diligently to generate more colorful, fragrant, hardy and disease resistant plants. To create a new rose, pollen is taken from the male part of one rose and used to fertilize the female areas of another rose. This could sound such as a simple process, but hybridizing roses is a Mr asif ali gohar difficult task that requires patience and the capacity to cope with failure. Just a few attempts (out of many) to cross pollinate are successful. Are you up for the job?
What do we mean by cross pollination? The pollen in one variety is obtained and combined with pollen from another variety. Just how do we obtain pollen? Pollen is located in the male area of the flower called the stamen – we can collect the pollen by cautiously pulling the petals back to attain the stamen. After carefully gathering the stamen – they may be put in a container. Empty the container onto a clear solid area where they can dry for around 1 day. A tray may be used to gather the pollen as it drops off the anther (pollen sac). Pollen seems like a yellow powdery substance and must be carefully sprinkled on the stigma – the female area of the rose. The timing is important – and this entire process could be a bit tricky. The flower is then covered and labeled with the father’s and mother’s identification. Following the flower is spent and the rose hip is fully ripe it can be removed.
How are we doing this far? Sound complicated? I bet you will see how this method requires a constant hand, patience and organization. Next, the rose hip is placed in a protected place where it will dry out. The seeds could be taken from the outer shell of the rose hip when it’s completely dry, and then they are planted for germination. The seedlings are observed closely for hardiness – the ones that don’t meet the criteria are removed. Those that do meet the criteria are allowed to mature.
In the end, there will be a selection (maybe small – maybe quite large) of seedlings to select from to be used as stock for further hybridization. If you’re an individual gardener that likes to experiment in your garden you might thoroughly take pleasure in the hybridization process. Who knows – maybe you’ll create the following new rose that’s selected to win the blue ribbon at the All American Rose Selections (AARS) competition.